Integrity in the Conduct of Research

The three major granting councils (SSHRC, NSERC and CIHR) issued the following statement in January 1994 to promote and encourage the highest standards of integrity in research and scholarship. Integrity includes adhering to such principles as:

  • recognizing the substantive contributions of others, including students; using unpublished work of other researchers and scholars only with permission and with due acknowledgment; and using archival material in accordance with the rules of the archival source;
  • obtaining the permission of the author before using new information, concepts or data originally obtained through access to confidential manuscripts or applications for funds for research or training that may have been seen as a result of processes such as peer review;
  • using scholarly and scientific rigour and integrity in obtaining, recording and analyzing data, and in reporting and publishing results;
  • ensuring that authorship of published work includes all those who have materially contributed to, and share responsibility for, the contents of the publication, and only those people; and,
  • revealing to sponsors, universities, journals or funding agencies, any material conflict of interest, financial or other, that might influence their decisions on whether the individual should be asked to review manuscripts or applications, test products or be permitted to undertake work sponsored from outside sources.
  • These principles should be interpreted with the understanding that research can involve honest error, conflicting data or valid differences in experimental design or in interpretation or judgment of information.

    The primary responsibility for high standards of integrity in research and scholarship rests with the individuals carrying out or supervising these activities. Scientists and scholars have the responsibility of meeting high standards of professional integrity in their research publications or other communications. 

    See the full policy