Honours BSc and BA Biology with Concentrations

A maximum of two Biology concentrations within the thematic streams of the program are permitted as part of the Honours BSc Biology and BA degrees. All concentrations require completion of a minimum 3.5 credits (including 1.5 credits of required courses at the 300 level, and 2.0 credits of eligible electives, of which a minimum of 1.0 credit must be at the 400 level), and a cumulative GPA of 7.0 (B -) in all Biology courses completed for the major.

Cell, Molecular Biology and Genetics

Required Courses (1.5 credits):
BI336 - Molecular Cell Biology
BI341 - Lab Methods: Cell and Molecular Biology
BI376 - Microbial Physiology

Elective Courses (2.0 credits, including a minimum of 1.0 credit at the 400 level:
BI317 - Introduction to Immunology
BI326 - Bioinformatics
BI374 - Physiological Applications of Microbiology
BI393 - Biostatistics
BI426 - Genome Dynamics
BI431 - Microtechniques
BI441 - Advanced Molecular Biotechnology
BI470 - Biomedical Virology
BI475 - Microbial Ecology
BI476 - Microbial Disease

Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity

Required Courses (1.5 credits):
BI302 - Evolution
BI306 - Global Biogeography and Conservation Biology
BI309 - Population Ecology

Elective Courses (2.0 credits, including a minimum of 1.0 credit at the 400 level
BI305 - Origin of Life on Earth and Endosymbiotic Theory
BI308 - Behavioural Ecology

BI326 - Bioinformatics
BI363 - Plant Ecology
BI367 - Field Botany - Flora of Ontario
BI390 - Field Studies OUPFB
BI391 - Field Ecology of Southern Ontario
BI392 - Field Studies II OUPFB
BI394 - The Changing North: Subarctic Ecosystems in the Face of Climate Warming
BI405 - Community Ecology
BI407 - Animal Communication
BI458 - Vertebrate Biodiversity and Conservation
BI464 - Plants and People
BI468 - Plant Biodiversity and Conservation
BI475 - Microbial Ecology
BI488 - Invertebrate Biodiversity and Conservation
WASC302 - Limnology
WASC303 - Field Methods in Applied Water Science
WASC304 - Wetland Science

Anatomy and Physiology

Required Courses (1.5 credits):
One of either BI330 or BI376 or BI359 or BI369
BI358 - Animals: Form and Function
BI368 - Plants: Form and Function

Elective Courses (2.0 credits, including a minimum of 1.0 credit at the 400 level:
BI330 - Fundamentals of Histology*
BI349 - Embryology
BI359 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy*

BI369 - Plant Physiology*
BI376 - Microbial Physiology*
BI416 - Pathophysiology
BI439 - Vertebrate Microscopic Anatomy
BI449 - Developmental Biology
BI451 - Fish Physiological Adaptations
BI456 - Environmental Physiology of Animals
BI459 - Endocrinology
BI463 - Environmental Stress Biology of Plants
BI470 - Biomedical Virology
HN320 - Human Physiology II: Control and Integration
WASC403 - Lab Techniques in Water Science
*elective only if not taken as required (cannot count for both)