Department of Geography & Environmental Studies

The Department of Geography and Environmental Studies offers eight different degrees in Physical and Human Geography, as well as a degree in Environmental Studies. Regardless of the individual degree pursued, all of our degree programs prepare students to establish themselves in a variety of stimulating careers ranging from environmental consulting to teaching, from planning to intelligence work, and from public administration to development work overseas. Because of their considerable breadth of theoretical and applied knowledge, geographers are frequently part of multidisciplinary teams working in the natural sciences, business and industry, and public service: geographers are 'generalists' in the best sense of the word!

To deepen their professional preparation, our students also focus on one or several fields of expertise: Physical Geography, Human Geography, GIS and Geomatics, Health Geography, Tourism, and Environmental and Resource Management. Students looking for a further specialization are able to advance their studies with our internationally respected faculty. For example, the department plays a leadership role in the Cold Regions Research Centre, a world leader in polar and mountain research, including northern and paleohydrology.

Similarly, in the field of Human Geography, students can pursue four different specializations: Urban and Economic Spaces, Landscapes and Identity, Tourism and Travel Behaviour, and Regional Geographies of Canada, each with their dedicated set of courses from first to fourth year level.

For students of all specializations, the department offers a variety of field courses, as well as the opportunity for co-op studies.

The department looks forward to your inquiries. The undergraduate advisor can be reached at

Honours BA, BSc and Minor:

Department of Geography & Environmental Studies

GG Course Notes

For the purposes of teachers' college applications, any course from the following list is considered a Canadian content course: NO201/GG201, GG232, GG250, GG256, GG350, GG354, GG453, GG494/ES494.

Course Offerings
Course #TitleCredits
GG101 Introduction to Physical Geography 0.5
GG102 Introduction to Human Geography 0.5
GG201 North American Transborder Regions 0.5
GG231 Risks and Disasters: A Geographical Introduction 0.5
GG232 Landscapes of the Great Lakes Basin [1] 0.5
GG250 Canada 0.5
GG251 Cartography 0.5
GG254 Geographic Information and Analysis 0.5
GG255 Selected Thematic Geographical Studies 0.5
GG256 Selected Ontario Regions 0.5
GG258 Geographical Research Methods 0.5
GG260 Urban Economic Geography 0.5
GG261 Geography of Energy 0.5
GG262 Travel Behaviour 0.5
GG263 Globalization 0.5
GG265 Urban Spatial Behaviour 0.5
GG270 Cultural Geographies 0.5
GG271 Temporal Perspectives on the City 0.5
GG272 Population Geography 0.5
GG273 Geographies of Health and Disease 0.5
GG281 Atmosphere and Hydrosphere 0.5
GG282 Geomorphology and Soils 0.5
GG290 Global Resource and Environmental Issues 0.5
GG291 Geography of Resource Policy and Administration 0.5
GG294 Geography of Tourism 0.5
GG297 Geography of Water Resources - Canada 0.5
GG300 Directed Studies in Geography 0.5
GG336 Coastal Processes and Landforms 0.5
GG350 Canadian Issues 0.5
GG351 Thematic Cartography and Geovisualization 0.5
GG352 A Selected World Region 0.5
GG353 Western Europe 0.5
GG354 The Canadian North 0.5
GG355 Remote Sensing for Geography and Environmental Studies 0.5
GG356 Development and the Environment 0.5
GG360 Research Methods and Thesis Preparation [2] 0.5
GG361 Spatial Analysis 0.5
GG362 Global Food Systems 0.5
GG363 Contemporary Economic Geography 0.5
GG365 Canadian Urban Spaces 0.5
GG366 Marketing Geography 0.5
GG367 Geographies of Human Development 0.5
GG368 Computer Applications in Geography 0.5
GG369 Geographical Information Systems 0.5
GG373 Landscapes and Identities 0.5
GG376 Cultural Heritage Landscapes 0.5
GG380 Field and Lab Techniques 0.5
GG381 Hydrology 0.5
GG382 Fluvial Geomorphology 0.5
GG383 Sedimentation 0.5
GG384 Glacial Processes and Landforms 0.5
GG385 Natural Environments 0.5
GG386 Slope Processes 0.5
GG388 Introductory Physical Climatology 0.5
GG389 Climate Change 0.5
GG391 Wildlife and Rural Land Resources Management [3] 0.5
GG393 Geography of Recreation 0.5
GG394 Geography of Tourism Marketing 0.5
GG395 The World's Problem Environments 0.5
GG396 Natural Hazards 0.5
GG397 World Water Environment and Development Issues [4] 0.5
GG398 Parks and Protected Areas 0.5
GG399 Third Year Field Studies 0.5
GG450 Thesis 1.5
GG451 Field Studies 0.5
GG452 Development of Geographic Thought 0.5
GG453 Contemporary Approaches to Regional Geography 0.5
GG461 Seminar in Urban Geography 0.5
GG462 Models of Systems 0.5
GG463 Seminar in Economic Geography 0.5
GG464 Seminar in Travel Behaviour Analysis 0.5
GG468 Advanced Spatial Analysis 0.5
GG469 Advanced Geographical Information Systems 0.5
GG474 Seminar in Cultural Geography 0.5
GG480 Physical Geography Field Project 0.5
GG481 Seminar on Cold Regions [5] 0.5
GG482 Hydrology of Cold Regions 0.5
GG484 Computational Geomorphology 0.5
GG486 Seminar on Coastal Environments 0.5
GG489 Paleoclimatology 0.5
GG493 Problems in Land Resources Management 0.5
GG494 Northern Resources and Environments 0.5
GG495 Seminar in Tourism Research 0.5
GG499 Directed Studies in Geography 0.5

Senate/Editorial Changes

Senate Revision May 28, 2013: GG292/ES292 deleted; effective September 1, 2013.

  1. Senate Revision May 28, 2013: GG232 Description and prerequisite change; effective September 1, 2013.

  2. Senate Revision May 28, 2013: GG360 Title, contact hours and description change; effective September 1, 2013.

  3. Senate Revision May 28, 2013: ES391 Prerequisite changed; effective September 1, 2013.

  4. Senate Revision May 28, 2013: ES397 Prerequisite changed; effective September 1, 2013.

  5. Editorial Revision July 1, 2013: GG481 Exclusion deleted; effective September 1, 2013.