Jews, ‘Witches’ and Heretics: Persecution and Toleration in pre-Modern Europe c. 1050-1700
0.5 Credit

Europe from the 11th century to the ‘Age of Reason' has been described as ‘a persecuting society' in which prescribed norms of belief and behaviour excluded many groups and individuals who suffered discrimination and, at times, persecution. This course examines such marginalized groups as Christian heretics, Jews, Muslims, sodomites, learned women, lepers and those accused of witchcraft in pre-modern European society; it also addresses the extent to which toleration was advocated and practised.{P}

Additional Course Information
HI346y, HI346q.