The PhD comprehensive examination focuses on the student's area of specialization and at least two additional cognate areas. These cognate areas will complement the student's area of focus and should provide knowledge that contributes to the student's future academic endeavours. This examination includes both a written and oral component.The examination will normally be completed by the end of the third term of registration in the doctoral program. A candidate has only two opportunities to successfully complete the comprehensive examination (pass/fail evaluation). After the first unsuccessful attempt, the examination committee will identify areas of improvement and the method of improvement that the student must complete prior to re-examination. The student must complete the second examination within one term following the initial exam.